Who Voted in Early America?

After declaring independence on July 4, 1776, each former English colony wrote a state constitution. About half the states attempted to reform their voting procedures. The trend in these states was to do away with the freehold requirement (holding title to property)  in favor of granting all taxpaying, free, adult males the right to vote. Since …

Building Community Engagement and Teaching

For the last twelve years of so, I have been involved in various organizations[1] around Philadelphia whose mission is to teach various aspects of the history of the American Revolution (1765 – 1790) to the general public through interactive, living history presentations.  Our goal is to transform history from dry facts in a history book …

Continuing to Do the Same Thing and Expecting Different Results is INSANITY!

I promise back will get back to the history of beer in November but EVERY time I try to watch a program on television or review an article on the internet, I seem to be bombarded by the orange orangutan’s advertisements claiming the world will be unsafe if we elect anyone who will reform policing …

Supreme Court doesn’t mean the BEST judges, just the top court.

As Congress makes all possible haste and takes every conceivable shortcut to nominate Amy Coney Barrett, it is important to remember that the Supreme Court has a long history of BAD judges being appointed.  Take James Wilson, a signatory to the Declaration of Independence, who spent some time in a debtors’ prison while still serving …

Those Who Fail to Learn the Lessons from History are DOOMED to Relive the Consequences!

In October of 1492, Columbus landed on island of Hispaniola in search of the riches of the Far East.  Aside from being one of history’s greatest navigational blunders (the actual voyage to the Far East would three times as far:  Lisbon -> Hispaniola = 3472 nm whereas Lisbon -> China (going west) is 11189 nm), …