FEDERALIST No. 32: Concerning the General Power of Taxation

We are on the eve of a very important election.  Much has been said about the Constitution and what is Constitutional so let’s take a few weeks and look at the foundational letters written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay arguing for the creation of the US Constitution.  The comment tab is open.  Please share your …

Antifederalist Nos. 30-31 — A Virginia Antifederalist on the Issue of Taxation

From The Freeman’s Journal; or, The North-American Intelligencer, October 31, 1787. . . . . It has been the language, since the peace, of the most virtuous and discerning men in America, that the powers vested in Congress were inadequate to the procuring of the benefits that should result from the union. It was found …

FEDERALIST No. 31: Concerning the General Power of Taxation

We are on the eve of a very important election.  Much has been said about the Constitution and what is Constitutional so let’s take a few weeks and look at the foundational letters written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay arguing for the creation of the US Constitution.  The comment tab is open.  Please share your …

That Insignificant Dutch Colony of New Amsterdam becomes New York City

Wall Street was not always just the New York Stock Exchange, in the 1600’s, it got its name because it WAS THE CITY WALL protecting the Dutch West India Company’s colony of New Amsterdam.  In the 1600s, the English and the Dutch were major commercial rivals (Dutch West India Company vs English East India Company).  …

Remember, Remember the 5th of November, Gunpowder, Treason and Plot…

Catholicism in England was heavily repressed under Queen Elizabeth I, particularly after the pope excommunicated her in 1570. During her reign, dozens of priests were put to death, and Catholics could not even legally celebrate Mass or be married according to their own rites.  When James I took the throne upon Elizabeth’s death in 1603, …